B - Readily funds technology as part of an award
Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)
The State Homeland Security Program (SHSP) is a core assistance program that provides funds to build capabilities at the State, local, tribal, and territorial levels, to enhance our national resilience to absorb disruptions and rapidly recover from incidents both natural and manmade as well as to implement the goals and objectives included in State homeland security strategies and initiatives in their State Preparedness Report (SPR).
For FY 2023, DHS is focused on the criticality of information sharing and collaboration to building a national culture of preparedness and protecting against terrorism and other threats to our national security. The threats to our nation have evolved during the past two decades. We now face continuous cyber threats by sophisticated actors, threats to soft targets and crowded places, and threats from domestic violent extremists who currently pose the greatest terrorism threat to the nation. Therefore, for FY 2023, DHS has identified six priority areas related to the most serious threats to the nation. Recipients are expected to address those priority areas with their SHSP funds. Recipients should allocate a total of 35 percent of their SHSP award funds across these six priority areas.
The following are the six priority areas for FY 2023, along with the minimum corresponding percentage of funds that each recipient will be required to allocate:
- Enhancing the protection of soft targets/crowded places – 3 percent
- Enhancing information and intelligence sharing and analysis – 3 percent
- Combating domestic violent extremism – 3 percent
- Enhancing cybersecurity – no minimum percent
- Enhancing community preparedness and resilience – 3 percent
- Enhancing election security – NEW 3% minimum spend
A state or high-risk urban area must allocate the remaining 70 percent of their funding to gaps identified through their Threat and Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment (THIRA) and Stakeholder Preparedness Review (SPR) process. Likewise, there are several enduring security needs that crosscut the homeland security enterprise to which recipients should consider allocating funding across core capability gaps and national priorities. The following are enduring needs that help recipients implement a comprehensive approach to securing communities:
- Effective planning
- Training and awareness campaigns
- Equipment and capital projects
History of Funding
The FY22 allocation to the State Homeland Security Program was $415,000,000.
The FY21 allocation to the State Homeland Security Program was $415,000,000.
For FY 2023, each SHSP recipient is required to submit an Investment Justification (IJ) for the five National Priority Areas with associated minimum spend requirements. Each of these five investments must also account for at least the relevant minimum percentage (totaling 15%) of the applicant's SHSP and UASI allocation. State Administrative Agencies (SAAs) may submit complete project-level information at the time of application, including the National Priority Area IJs, but are not required to do so. As a reminder, all SHSP- and UASI-funded projects must have a demonstrated nexus to achieving target capabilities related to preventing, preparing for, protecting against, and responding to acts of terrorism. However, such projects may simultaneously support enhanced preparedness for disasters unrelated to acts of terrorism.
DHS/FEMA also requires SHSP recipients (states, territories, and high-risk urban areas) to complete a THIRA/SPR and prioritize grant funding to support closing capability gaps or sustaining capabilities that address national priorities and/or support enduring needs. Additional information on the THIRA/SPR process, including other National Preparedness System (NPS) tools and resources, can be found at https://www.fema.gov/national-preparedness-system. Detailed information on THIRA/SPR timelines and deadlines can be found in the Preparedness Grants Manual (https://www.fema.gov/media-library/assets/documents/178291)
Awards are made to State Administrative Agencies (SAA's) of all 56 states and territories. State agencies, local law enforcement agencies, and other nonprofit organizations may apply to states for sub-grants.
SAA's are to apply to FEMA on behalf of state and local agencies by May 18, 2023, no later than 5 p.m. ET. Local deadlines vary based on state administration.
Up to $415,000,000 is available in total funding for FY23. SHSP funds are based on risk as determined by FEMA's relative risk methodology and statutory minimums pursuant to the Homeland Security Act of 2002, as amended. Final allocations are published in the FY 2023 HSGP NOFO.
A list of state allocations for 2023 is available in the official program guidance: https://www.fema.gov/grants/preparedness/homeland-security/fy-22-nofo#b. Each SAA must obligate at least 80% of the funds awarded under SHSP to local units of government within 45 days of receipt of the funds. Cost sharing/matching is not required. Project periods will extend 36-months, starting September 1, 2023.
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